As per WHO, between the years 2010–2014 about 56 million (safe and unsafe) abortions took place each year worldwide. For every 1000 women between the ages 15–44 years, there were 35 induced abortions, of all the pregnancies, about 25% of them were aborted. In this blog, we take a quick glance at unsafe abortion and their prevention. In each of these years, there were about 25 million unsafe abortions worldwide; almost all of them taking place in developing nations, out of these, about 8 million were conducted in the least- safe conditions. Unfortunately enough, every year about 4.7% – 13.2% of all maternal deaths are due to unsafe abortions and about 7 million females are admitted in hospitals due to this condition in developing the nation and the annual cost that these countries have to bear is US$ 553 million.
Abortion is a very safe process, it should, however, be carried out by a trained professional and all the guidelines have to be followed. Home Abortion pills is considered as the safest process in medicines when done as per WHO guidelines. It is unbearably painful that most of these deaths could have been stopped by promoting sex education, effective contraception, legalized and well-regulated abortion, and timely care.
An abortion procedure is said to be unsafe if it is performed by a person who is lacking the skill or in an environment which does not have basic medical standards or both. The skills, people involved and medical standards vary as the type of abortion varies, for example, the requirements of induced abortion, surgical abortion, and abortion through pills, all have their own standards and requirements. The safety standards, skill, and requirements also rely on the condition and duration of pregnancy and on the medical advancement. They are comparatively less safe when it is done with archaic methods such as sharp curettage, also if the women ingesting pills do not have adequate access to information and a trained professional, in case of need arises.
Adolescents and even grown-up women with unintended pregnancies rely on unsafe methods if there is no access to safe abortion. The common barriers are
- Lack of services
- Mandatory counseling
- Misleading information
- Third-party authorization
- Unnecessary medical tests.
MTP Kit is hugely accepted product used for the termination of early pregnancy. This product has received massive acceptance from women as it complies and thus enjoys a great brand value amongst women. The rationale behind the prolific use of this medication is its effectiveness, ease of use, success rate (98%), safety, cost-effectiveness and that it provides a lesser painful method. MTP Kit encloses two FDA approved components called Mifepristone, and Misoprostol as its chief therapeutic ingredient.
Mifepristone imparts its effects by blocking a hormone called Progesterone which is vital for pregnancy. This hormone keeps the fetal cells alive by importing oxygen and essential nutrients, the blockade results in fetal cell death.
Misoprostol is a prostaglandin analog, this drug acts by imparting strong myometrial contractions and cervical ripening along with dilation and softening of the cervix, this leads to exclusion of fetal cells in form of blood clot.
MTP Kit contains 5 pills in its pack one is Mifepristone (200 mg) four are Misoprostol pills 200mcg each. The therapy is begun with intake of Mifepristone pill on an empty stomach, orally with water this is to be marked as day 1. On day 3, all four Misoprostol pills are administered either orally or vaginally. On the 14th day, get an ultrasonography done to validate the process.
A few adverse effects that may affect the users of this therapy are stomach cramp, nausea, diarrhea, exhaustion, severe vaginal bleeding, giddiness, back pain, and vomiting.
Points to be paid heed towards!
- Do not use this product for the conclusion of a pregnancy which is higher than 9 weeks or which lies outside the uterus.
- Take rest and high energy diet to recuperate faster.
- There are chances of you catching infection, if you indulge in love making activities before recovering completely.
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